Welcome to the Hong Kong Election Study!

The Hong Kong Election Study (HKES) is a continual survey study that aims to advance the understanding of voting behavior in Hong Kong. The goal of the HKES is to provide objective data based on rigorously designed, theory-driven, and non-partisan survey instruments to answer important questions such as “why people vote?” and “what motivates them to vote for a candidate?”

The HKES was originally funded by the University Grants Committee’s General Research Fund to conduct surveys in the 2015 District Council Election and the 2016 Legislative Council Election (GRF Ref. No.: 14615915). We have successfully conducted the following waves of election surveys:

11/2015 District Council Election Post-election Survey

09/2016 Legislative Council Election Pre-election Survey

09/2016 Legislative Council Election Post-election Survey

03/2017 Chief Executive Election Pre-election Survey

03/2017 Chief Executive Election Post-election Survey

03/2018 By-election Post-election Survey

11/2018 By-election Post-election Survey

11/2019 District Council Post-election Survey

We collected our data from Internet surveys. We commissioned well-established online survey companies such as Dynata and YouGov to administer our surveys using internet survey technologies. We are committed to making our high-quality survey data publicly available in order to facilitate research on Hong Kong elections.


Dr. Stan Hok-Wui Wong

Dr. Stan Hok-Wui Wong is an associate professor in the Department of Applied Social Sciences at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. He has written extensively on Hong Kong politics and society. His previous works touch on issues such as electoral politics and state-business relations. In particular, his book, entitled Electoral Politics in Post-1997 Hong Kong: Protest, Patronage, and the Media, provides a parsimonious explanation for the waning electoral performance of the prodemocracy opposition parties up to 2015, despite the public’s unwavering support for democratization. He is also a member of the research teams for the Asian Barometer Survey (ABS) and the World Values Survey (WVS) in Hong Kong. In 2012, he received an Early Career Scheme (ECS) to conduct a survey experiment employing an original smartphone application. In 2015 and 2019, respectively, he was awarded a General Research Fund for conducting election studies. His works have been published in journals such as the British Journal of Political Science, Electoral Studies, Journal of Contemporary China, and Journal of East Asian Studies.


Dr. Harold D. ClarkeDr. Harold D. Clarke is Ashbel Smith Professor, School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas, Adjunct Professor, Department of Government, University of Essex and former Director of the Social and Economic Sciences Division of the National Science Foundation (U.S.).  His research on voting and elections in Great Britain, the United States and Canada has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the Economics and Social Research Council (U.K.), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Canada).  He is the author of articles in journals such as the American Journal of Political Science, the American Political Science Review, the British Journal of Political Science, the Canadian Journal of Political Science, the European Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Politics, International Studies Quarterly, Parliamentary Affairs, Political Analysis, Political Research Quarterly, Political Science Research and Methods, Quality and Quantity, and the Public Opinion Quarterly. His most recent books are Affluence, Austerity and Electoral Change in Britain, (Cambridge University Press, 2013), Performance Politics and the British Voter (Cambridge University Press, 2009), Making Political Choices: Canada and the United States (University of Toronto Press, 2009) and Political Choice in Britain (Oxford University Press, 2004).  A new book Austerity and Political Choice in Britain is currently in press with Palgrave Macmillan.  Clarke served as principal investigator for the 2001, 2005 and 2010 British Election Studies and has conducted national survey studies on civic engagement and political support in Canada, Germany and the United States.  Clarke also has conducted national-level survey research on foreign policy attitudes and attitudes towards overseas aid in the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany and Canada. He is senior editor of Electoral Studies.  He teaches time series courses at the Essex Summer School in Data Collection and Analysis and the ICPSR Summer Program in Social Science Research Methods.  He serves on the Advisory Committee of the ICPSR Summer Program and is a founder of the ICPSR Summer Program at Concordia University.

Dr. King-wa FU is an Associate Professor at the Journalism and Media Studies Centre (JMSC), The University of Hong Kong. His research interests cover information control policy in China, political participation and media use, computational social sciences, health and the media, and younger generation’s Internet use. He is a visiting Associate Professor at the MIT Media Lab and Fulbright-RGC Hong Kong Senior Research Scholar in 2016-2017. He has a PhD from the JMSC, a master’s degree in Social Sciences and a MPhil in Engineering. He was a journalist at the Hong Kong Economic Journal before turning to academia. His online CV:  https://sites.google.com/site/fukingwa/


Dr. Karl HoDr. Karl Ho is Associate Professor of Instruction of Public Policy and Political Economy, Political Science and Social Data Analytics and Research at the School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas. His research focuses on political behaviors in new democracies and state behaviors in response to challenges to democratic development. His work on cross-strait relations and Taiwan elections appear in the book titled The Taiwan Voter. His other research projects include study global women’s rights and political research and technological advances.  He is a member of Electoral Studies editorial board and reviewer for international journals including American Journal of Political Studies, Political Research Quarterly and Electoral Studies. His works have appeared in Human Rights Quarterly, Electoral Studies and Journal of Information Technology and Politics, Journal of African and Asian Studies.